Posts for category: Foot Condition
What is Sesamoiditis?
Sesamoids are small bones that are only connected to tendons or surrounded in muscle. This only appears in a few places in the body, one of which is the foot. Two very tiny sesamoids are found in the underside of the foot near the big toe. One is on the outer side of the foot and the other bone is close to the middle of the foot. This structure provides a smooth surface for the tendons to slide over, which helps the tendons move muscles. They help with weight bearing and also help to elevate the bones of the big toe. So now that you know what sesamoids are, you might be wondering what sesamoiditis is and what its symptoms are.
Just like any other bone, sesamoids can unfortunately fracture. The tendons surrounding the sesamoids may also become irritated or inflamed and this is what sesamoiditis is. Sesamoiditis is also a form of tendonitis and is a common condition among ballerinas, runners, and baseball catchers due to the pressure that is constantly placed on their feet.
Symptoms of Sesamoiditis
Symptoms of Sesamoiditis may include:
- Pain under the big toe or ball of the foot
- Swelling and/or bruising
- Difficulty in bending and straightening the big toe
- Resting and stopping any activity that could be causing pain and inflammation
- Anti-inflammatories, such as ibuprofen and aspirin only after consulting your physician
- Icing the sole of the foot
- Wearing soft-soled and low-heeled shoes
- Cushioning inserts in the shoes
If symptoms persist after treatments, you may need to wear a removable brace for 4-6 weeks to help the bones heal. Call your podiatrist today to ask any questions about sesamoiditis and get on your way to pain-free feet once again!
Bunions: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments
A bunion is a localized area of prominence or enlargement of the inner portion of the joint at the base of the big toe. Hosey Foot & Ankle Centers, which has offices in Clinton Township, MI, Sterling Heights, MI, and Mount Clemens, MI, offers a full range of podiatric services. Read on to learn about the causes, symptoms, and treatments for bunions.
Overview - A bunion is a bump on the side of the big toe, and it reflects changes in the bony framework of the front part of the foot. Bunions are a progressive disorder; not all cases are alike and some bunions develop quicker than others. Many individuals unnecessarily suffer the pain of bunions for years before seeing treatment.
Causes - Conditions that make your joints hurt and swell, like arthritis, can lead to bunions as can wearing high heels and ill-fitting shoes. Bunions usually run in families, and if your feet do not develop properly before birth, it can increase the risk of bunion onset.
Symptoms - The most obvious sign of a bunion is a bone deformity. It might be red or swollen and can make it hard to move your toes, especially your big toe. Bunions can also cause pain or discomfort. If you have a bunion, corns or calluses may also develop where the first and second toes overlap.
Treatments - Whether your goal is getting back to sports, work, hobbies, or just enjoying life, a podiatrist can help. Treatments for bunions include changing shoes, padding, taping, and taking pain medications. Anti-inflammatory medications, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen can help to ease inflammation and provide pain relief.
Need Help? Call Today!
Say hello to happy and healthy feet. Call Hosey Foot & Ankle Centers at 586-263-4411 today to schedule an appointment in Clinton Township, MI. Call 586-275-3000 to schedule an appointment in Sterling Heights, MI. Call 586-468-5445 to schedule an appointment in Mount Clemens, MI. Our bunion treatments will do you and your feet a world of good.
Are you experiencing numbness, tingling, or discolorations in your feet?
Even though poor circulation isn’t a condition, if you are experiencing poor circulation in your feet this is often a symptom of a much larger issue. This is why it’s important to understand the warning signs of poor circulation and when to see a podiatrist, as many of these conditions can be serious or cause further complications to your health.
Causes of Poor Circulation
There are many reasons why someone may have poor circulation. The most common conditions include:
1. Peripheral artery disease (PAD)
This causes poor circulation in the legs due to a narrowing in the arteries and blood vessels. Over time this condition can cause damage to nerves or tissue. While this condition can occur in younger people, particularly smokers, it’s more common for people over 50 years old to develop PAD.
2. Blood Clots
A blood clot causes a block or restriction in blood flow and can develop anywhere in the body. The most common places for a blood clot include the arms or the legs, which can lead to symptoms of poor circulation. In some cases, a blood clot can cause serious complications such as a stroke.
While this condition does affect blood sugar levels, it is also known to affect circulation within the body. Those with circulation issues may experience cramping in the legs that may get worse when you are active. Those with diabetic neuropathy may experience nerve damage in the legs and feet, as well as numbness or tingling.
4. Raynaud’s Disease
A less common condition, Raynaud’s disease causes chronic cold fingers and feet due to the narrowing of the arteries in the hands and toes. Since these arteries are narrow it’s more difficult for blood to flow to these areas, leading to poor circulation. Of course, you may experience these symptoms in other parts of the body besides your toes or fingers, such as your nose, ears, or lips.
Warning Signs of Poor Circulation
You may be experiencing poor circulation in your feet if you are experiencing these symptoms:
- Pain that may radiate into the limbs
- Tingling (a “pins and needles” sensation)
- Muscle cramping
If you are experiencing symptoms of poor circulation that don’t go away it’s best to play it safe rather than sorry and turn to a podiatric specialist who can provide a proper diagnosis and determine the best approach for improving circulation. Don’t ignore this issue.
When most people think about foot deformities they most often think about bunions; however, hammertoes are just as common. This unassuming deformity comes about gradually, so you may not even notice it until it’s too late. “What is a hammertoe?” You might be wondering. A hammertoe affects the middle joint of a toe (often the smaller toes), causing the toe to bend downward. In severe cases, a hammertoe will look almost claw-like.
There are two kinds of hammertoes: flexible and rigid. As you might imagine, a flexible hammertoe is one in which you can still straighten the toe out. If you aren’t able to straighten the affected toe then this is a rigid hammertoe. A flexible hammertoe isn’t as serious as a rigid one; however, it’s important that you take care of your hammertoe to make sure that it doesn’t get worse.
While there is no way to cure a hammertoe there are simple measures you can take to prevent it from progressing. First and foremost, you need to take a look at the shoes you are wearing and make sure that they aren’t too tight. When you slip your feet into your shoes, does it cause your toes to bunch up against one another? If so then this could make your hammertoe worse.
Instead, opt for shoes with an ample toe box, which will allow your toes to wiggle and move around freely. If you have a structural imbalance within the foot this can leave you prone to foot problems such as hammertoes and bunions. To correct this imbalance, talk to your foot doctor about getting custom orthotics (shoe inserts), which can be placed into your shoes to help provide cushioning, support, and shock absorption for your feet.
If pain or stiffness does rear its ugly head you can choose to take an over-the-counter pain reliever like ibuprofen, which can tackle both pain and inflammation in one fell swoop, or you can place a towel-wrapped ice pack (never put ice directly on the skin, as it can cause severe burns) over the area for several minutes.
Just as you can buy pads to cover a bunion or callus, you can also buy a non-medicated protective pad to cover over a hammertoe. Since the deformed toe joint juts out this can leave the toe prone to calluses, which can cause pain when wearing shoes. To prevent a callus from forming, you can apply a protective pad over the deformed toe joint before putting on shoes.
Of course, if you are dealing with significant or frequent pain, or if the hammertoe is rigid, then you will want to turn to a podiatric specialist. In severe cases, surgery may be recommended to correct the disfigured joint.
When foot pain begins affecting simple tasks like walking or standing, it can become increasingly frustrating and difficult to deal with. Hammertoe often begins painlessly and becomes uncomfortable over time. Identifying and treating hammertoe early can save you from future complications. Find out more about hammertoes and its treatments with Dr. Thomas Hosey, Dr. Ryan Murphy, and Dr. Kristen Patterson at Hosey Foot & Ankle Centers with offices in Clinton Township, Mount Clemens and Sterling Heights, MI.
What causes hammertoes?
Genetics often have a large part in a hammertoe’s development since you tend to inherit the type of foot you have which could have a higher tendency for hammertoes. Additionally, underlying conditions like flat feet or arthritis can contribute to hammertoe development. Often, wearing ill-fitting, high-heeled, or too-tight shoes also cause hammertoes.
Do I have a hammertoe?
Identifying hammertoe in its earliest stages can help you recognize and treat this condition early, while conservative treatments are still effective. Some of the symptoms of hammertoe include:
- a curled toe resembling the claw side of a hammer
- pain and discomfort, especially while wearing shoes
- corns and calluses on top of the toe
- pain in the ball of the foot
- decreased range of motion in the toe
- swelling, redness, and/or irritation
If you think you have a hammertoe, your podiatrist is your best source of information for diagnosing and treating this common condition. You can best consult with your podiatrist at a foot examination. Your doctor will probably suggest an x-ray to assess the bones in the toe.
Hammertoe Treatments in Clinton Township, Sterling Heights, and Mount Clemens, MI
The techniques and methods in treating hammertoes will vary depending on the patient, the severity of their hammertoe, and their lifestyle choices. Conservative treatments may begin with changing the type of shoe you wear, massage therapy, and over-the-counter treatments. If these methods fail to provide results, your doctor may suggest prescription medication or, in severe cases, surgery to realign the toe and its connective tissues.
For more information on hammertoe or its treatments, please contact Dr. Thomas Hosey, Dr. Ryan Murphy, and Dr. Kristen Patterson with offices in Clinton Township, Mount Clemens and Sterling Heights, MI. Call 586-263-4411 to schedule an appointment in Clinton Township, 586-468-5445 to schedule an appointment in Mount Clemens, or 586-275-3000 to schedule your appointment in Sterling Heights today!